| 2011 FIA Formula One
World Championship season
|Engine Suppliers||Cosworth, Ferrari, Mercedes, Renault|
Sebastian Vettel (Red Bull-Renault) - 392 points
Red Bull Racing - 650 points
The 2011 Formula One season was the 62nd season of FIA Formula One motor racing. The original calendar for the 2011 Formula One World Championship consisted of twenty rounds, including the inaugural running of the Indian Grand Prix, before the cancellation of the Bahrain Grand Prix. Pirelli returned to the sport as tyre supplier for all teams, taking over from Bridgestone. Red Bull Racing was the reigning Constructors' Champion. Red Bull Racing's Sebastian Vettel was the defending Drivers' Champion, one of five World Champions appearing on the grid. Vettel won his second World Championship at the 2011 Japanese Grand Prix, becoming the youngest driver, at 24 years and 98 days, to do so. Red Bull Racing won the Constructors' Championship.
- 2011 saw the return of the 107% rule in qualifying. Under this arrangement, any driver who fails to set a time within 107% of the fastest lap in Q1 may not be permitted to take part in the race; for instance, if the fastest lap is 1 minute 40 seconds (100 seconds), a driver must set a time faster than 1 minute 47 seconds (107 seconds) in order to make it to the grid. However, if a driver who fails to set an appropriate lap time can show cause for his inclusion in the race – for example, if a driver failed to set a lap time in qualifying due to a mechanical fault, but had previously set a lap time within 107% of the pole-sitter's time in free practice – the stewards may allow that driver to take part in the race.
- Sole tyre supplier Bridgestone announced that it would not renew its contract with Formula One at the end of the 2010 season, with Pirelli chosen as the tyre supplier for 2011 by the FIA World Motor Sport Council. The Pirelli logo on each tyre will be colour-coded to identify each compound and tread pattern being used. Cars will have a mandatory weight distribution to provide Pirelli with a technical specification, and preventing teams making changes to the internal configuration of their cars should they prove not to suit the cars.
- KERS units will be optional for all teams, after not being utilised in 2010 following a team agreement banning the devices, and the minimum car weight increases from 620 kilograms (1,367 lb) to 640 kilograms (1,411 lb), compensating for the extra weight required. Gearboxes must also last for five races instead of four, with an additional gearbox available without penalty for the purposes of completing an event.
- The Drag Reduction System (DRS), an adjustable rear wing designed to increase straight line speed, was introduced in the 2011 rules. The system is designed to aid overtaking by negating all downforce flowing over the rear wing. The rules dictate that the DRS is only available to a driver within one second of the car in front on a marked designated area of the circuit, after the first two laps of a race. Use of the DRS is unlimited in free practice and qualifying, but prohibited in wet conditions. The system is expected to offer drivers an additional 15 km/h (9.3 mph) when passing, and will deactivate when the driver first touches the brakes after using the rear wing.
- The "F-duct" system developed by McLaren and copied by other teams was banned, as the system relying on drivers blocking a gap in the cockpit was judged unsafe. The maximum height of the diffuser will be cut from 175 millimetres (6.9 in) to 125 millimetres (4.9 in) and the double diffuser designs, introduced in the 2009 season, will be excluded, in order to reduce aerodynamic downforce and turbulent air. Banned with this are double exhaust-blown diffusers, which use exhaust gases re-routed over the diffuser to increase downforce, although single blown diffusers are still allowed.
- Several smaller aerodynamic devices introduced for 2010 have also been banned, including aerodynamic wheel spokes, flexible front splitters designed to lower front ride height, and modifications to the monocoque that create a V-shaped channel running the length of the car's nose. The maximum aspect ratio of the "bladed" rollbar structure – pioneered by Mercedes to decrease the obstruction of air to the rear wing – has also been reduced.
- The FIA has tightened its driving standards, moving to prevent overly aggressive driving and driving beyond the boundaries of the circuit to gain an advantage by implementing stricter penalties for drivers observed to be doing so. Drivers are limited in the number of blocking moves they can make on track, to allow easier overtaking.
- DAMS GP2 driver Jérôme d'Ambrosio replaced Lucas di Grassi at Virgin Racing, having previously driven for the team during Friday practice sessions at selected events in 2010. Di Grassi did not have his contract with Virgin Racing renewed.
- 2010 GP2 Series champion Pastor Maldonado was signed by Williams after testing for the team in the young driver tests in Abu Dhabi.
- Nico Hülkenberg was dropped by Williams on the eve of the 2010 Abu Dhabi Grand Prix. After turning down offers from several teams, including HRT and Virgin, Hülkenberg joined Force India as test and reserve driver. As a part of his arrangement with the team, Hülkenberg will drive a VJM04 in the Friday morning free practice session of each Grand Prix.
- DTM champion Paul di Resta replaced Vitantonio Liuzzi at Force India, having previously driven for the team during Friday practice sessions at selected events in 2010.
- After being released from his contract with Force India one year in advance of its expiration, Vitantonio Liuzzi officially joined Hispania Racing as their second driver at the final test of the season, filling the last vacant racing seat on the grid. As a result of this, Hispania's part-time racing drivers Karun Chandhok, Christian Klien and Sakon Yamamoto were all unable to secure contracts to race.
- Sakon Yamamoto moved from Hispania Racing as a full-time driver to become a test driver for Virgin Racing for the first three races after he was unable to secure a contract to continue racing with Hispania.
- Narain Karthikeyan returned to Formula One with Hispania after last racing with Jordan Grand Prix in 2005, which was run at the time by Hispania team principal Colin Kolles.
- Bruno Senna left Hispania Racing after a single season. Comments made by team principal Colin Kolles suggested that the nephew of three-time World Champion Ayrton Senna had a strained relationship with the team. Senna was later confirmed to have joined Lotus Renault GP as a part of their test and reserve team.
- Robert Kubica was injured while competing in the Ronde di Andora rally during the winter off-season, leaving him with multiple fractures to his arm, hand and leg. The nature of his injuries were serious enough to prevent him from starting the season, while the surgeon who operated on Kubica has said that his recovery could take up to an entire year. His former BMW Sauber team-mate Nick Heidfeld was later confirmed as his replacement at Lotus Renault GP.
Teams and DriversEdit
The following teams and drivers competed in the 2011 Formula One World Championship. The FIA published a provisional entry list on 30 November 2010, which was revised on 2 December 2010.
27 March - Australian Grand Prix
Melbourne Grand Prix Circuit, Melbourne
10 April - Malaysian Grand Prix
Sepang International Circuit, Kuala Lumpur
17 April - Chinese Grand Prix
Shanghai International Circuit, Shanghai
8 May - Turkish Grand Prix
Istanbul Park, Istanbul
22 May - Spanish Grand Prix
Circuit de Catalunya, Montmeló
29 May - Monaco Grand Prix
Circuit de Monaco, Monte Carlo
12 June - Canadian Grand Prix
Circuit Gilles Villeneuve, Montreal
26 June - European Grand Prix
Valencia Street Circuit, Valencia
10 July - British Grand Prix
Silverstone Circuit, Silverstone
24 July - German Grand Prix
31 July - Hungarian Grand Prix
28 August - Belgian Grand Prix
Circuit de Spa-Francorchamps, Stavelot
11 September - Italian Grand Prix
Autodromo Nazionale Monza, Monza
25 September - Singapore Grand Prix
Marina Bay Street Circuit, Singapore
9 October - Japanese Grand Prix
Suzuka Circuit, Mie
16 October - Korean Grand Prix
Korea International Circuit, Yeongam
30 October - Indian Grand Prix
Buddh International Circuit, Greater Noida
12 November - Abu Dhabi Grand Prix
Yas Marina Circuit, Abu Dhabi
27 November - Brazlilian Grand Prix
Autódromo José Carlos Pace, São Paulo
Results and standingsEdit
|Rd.||Grand Prix||Pole position||Fastest lap||Winning driver||Winning constructor||Report|
|1||Australian Grand Prix||Sebastian Vettel||Felipe Massa||Sebastian Vettel||Red Bull-Renault||Report|
|2||Malaysian Grand Prix||Sebastian Vettel||Mark Webber||Sebastian Vettel||Red Bull-Renault||Report|
|3||Chinese Grand Prix||Sebastian Vettel||Mark Webber||Lewis Hamilton||McLaren-Mercedes||Report|
|4||Turkish Grand Prix||Sebastian Vettel||Mark Webber||Sebastian Vettel||Red Bull-Renault||Report|
|5||Spanish Grand Prix||Mark Webber||Lewis Hamilton||Sebastian Vettel||Red Bull-Renault||Report|
|6||Monaco Grand Prix||Sebastian Vettel||Mark Webber||Sebastian Vettel||Red Bull-Renault||Report|
|7||Canadian Grand Prix||Sebastian Vettel||Jenson Button||Jenson Button||McLaren-Mercedes||Report|
|8||European Grand Prix||Sebastian Vettel||Sebastian Vettel||Sebastian Vettel||Red Bull-Renault||Report|
|9||British Grand Prix||Mark Webber||Fernando Alonso||Fernando Alonso||Ferrari||Report|
|10||German Grand Prix||Mark Webber||Lewis Hamilton||Lewis Hamilton||McLaren-Mercedes||Report|
|11||Hungarian Grand Prix||Sebastian Vettel||Felipe Massa||Jenson Button||McLaren-Mercedes||Report|
|12||Belgian Grand Prix||Sebastian Vettel||Mark Webber||Sebastian Vettel||Red Bull-Renault||Report|
|13||Italian Grand Prix||Sebastian Vettel||Lewis Hamilton||Sebastian Vettel||Red Bull-Renault||Report|
|14||Singapore Grand Prix||Sebastian Vettel||Jenson Button||Sebastian Vettel||Red Bull-Renault||Report|
|15||Japanese Grand Prix||Sebastian Vettel||Jenson Button||Jenson Button||McLaren-Mercedes||Report|
|16||Korean Grand Prix||Lewis Hamilton||Sebastian Vettel||Sebastian Vettel||Red Bull-Renault||Report|
|17||Indian Grand Prix||Sebastian Vettel||Sebastian Vettel||Sebastian Vettel||Red Bull-Renault||Report|
|18||Abu Dhabi Grand Prix||Sebastian Vettel||Mark Webber||Lewis Hamilton||McLaren-Mercedes||Report|
|19||Brazilian Grand Prix||Sebastian Vettel||Mark Webber||Mark Webber||Red Bull-Renault||Report|
|Formula One seasons|